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De Guide de l'Installation Electrique

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Le tableau de la Figure H19 récapitule les aptitudes des différents appareils à remplir les fonctions de base.

Sectionnement Commande Protection électrique
Fonctionnelle Coupure d'urgence Arrêt d'urgence Coupure pour entretien mécanique Surcharge Court-circuit Différentielle
Sectionneur[d] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare              
Interrupteur[e] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a][b] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare      
Interrupteur différentiel[e] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a][b] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare     \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare
Interrupteur/ sectionneur \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a][b] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare      
Contacteur   \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a][b] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [c]    
Télérupteur   \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a]   \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare      
Fusibles \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare         \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare  
Disjoncteur   \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a][b] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare  
Disjoncteur/ sectionneur et ACP[e] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a][b] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare  
Disjoncteur différentiel[e] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare [a][b] \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare \definecolor{bggrey}{RGB}{234,234,234}\pagecolor{bggrey}\definecolor{myblue}{rgb}{0.26,0.71,0.9}\color{myblue}\blacksquare
Lieu d’installation (principe général) A l'origine de chaque circuit Partout où, pour, des raisons d'exploitation, il faut pouvoir interrompre l'exploitation En général à l'origine de chaque tableau Au niveau des circuits alimentant les machines Au niveau des circuits alimentant les machines A l'origine de chaque circuit A l'origine A l'origine des circuits avec les SLT TN-S, IT et TT
Textes réglementaires
  • NF C 15-100 § 462 et 536-2
  • NF C 13-100 (4)
  • décret du 14/11/88 art. 9
  • NF EN ISO 12100-2 ( sécurité des machines - notions fondamentales) et NF EN 60204-1 (sécurité des machines - équipement électrique )
  • règlement CNOMO (industrie automobile)
NF C 15-100 § 465 et 536-5
  • NF C 15-100 § 463 et 536-3
  • décret du 14/11/88 art. 10
  • NF C 15-100 § 463
  • NF EN ISO 12100 - 2 ( sécurité des machines - notions fondamentales) et NF EN 60204-1 (sécurité des machines - équipement électrique )
  • NF C 15-100 § 464 et 536-4
  • NF EN ISO 12100 - 2 ( sécurité des machines - notions fondamentales) et NF EN 60204-1 (sécurité des machines - équipement électrique )
  • règlement CNOMO (industrie automobile)
NF C 15-100 § 43 NF C 15-100 § 43 NF C 15-100 § 415 et 531-2

[a]  Si coupure de tous les conducteurs actifs
[b]  Le maintien de l'alimentation peut être nécessaire pour assurer le freinage
[c]  S'il est associé à un relais thermique (l'ensemble contacteur + relais constitue un démarreur et est souvent appelé discontacteur)
[d]  La NF C 13-100 impose à l'origine des installations alimentées par un poste à comptage BT un dispositif de sectionnement à coupure visible
[e]  Certains appareils peuvent être aptes au sectionnement par conformité à leurs normes sans marquage explicite (NF C 61-410, etc.)

Fig. H19Fonctions remplies par les différents appareils